Land Clearing/Preparation

LAND CLEARING OVERVIEW

Land clearing must be treated more as an art than a science because production rates and methods vary greatly from one area to another. This deals with the many variables in land clearing including methodologies, equipment and procedures to determine productivity rates.

 

 VARIABLES AFFECTING CLEARING OPERATIONS

 

Vegetative growth – Factors affecting production and therefore cost, including the number of trees, and size, wood density, root systems and vine sand under-growth these factors can be estimated by a tree count.

End-Use of Land – Since different end-uses require different degrees of clearing i.e. highways, dams, tree crops, row crops etc.; end-use is one of the most important factors to consider when choosing the proper clearing methods and equipment.

Soil Conditions or Bearing Capacity – Factors affecting clearing operations include topsoil depth, soil type, moisture content, and the presence of rocks and stones.

Topography - Grade and terrain factors such as steep slopes, ditches, swampy areas, boulders and even anthills greatly affect the normal operation of some equipment.

Rainfall and climate- Usually all phases of cleared land from cutting to burning are concerned to some degree with temperature changes and the amount of rainfall during the clearing operation.

Job Specifications – This dictates the degree of clearing to be done, area size, project completion dates, method of debris disposal, soil conservation and other factors which affect methods and equipment selection.